Действительно? Это интересно, не думал, что это было разрешено. Австрии бесплатное образование, ну и небольшая проблема с слишком много немцев в некоторых областях (не немецкие вина). В настоящее время существует квота для медицины, которая оставляет 75% мест для австрийцев. Тем не менее, это принято только в течение нескольких лет ЕС и только потому, что он находится в очень важной области. Может ли быть, что в Шотландии университета на самом деле не бесплатно, но шотландский и (странно) шведское правительство предоставит стипендию, которая оплачивает все обучение? Стипендии, конечно, могут быть основаны на ПМЖ. @JohnMa я в принципе согласен, но если есть огромные различия в рейтингах (например, топ-10 школы против топ-100), что может сделать большую разницу в общий уровень друзей-аспирантов, которые, в свою очередь, может внести большой разницы в том, как опыт и образование, а также будущих подключений.

Это ответ на Mathoverflow обобщены исследования по теме "производительность труда" прошлых лауреатов Филдсовской (самая важная награда в математике; он дается каждые четыре года к четырем молодым математикам до 40 лет).

Исследование призы и производительность труда: как выиграть медаль Филдса влияет научных выходной (2013), Джордж Дж. Борхас и Кирк Б. Дорана.

ТЛ;ДР: в статье анализируются выход из 47 победителей области и 43 математиков сопоставимого уровня (часто, люди, которые были по слухам "в шорт-лист"). После победы в медали, их статистические данные заметно расходятся. Победители на местах пишут про 20% меньше бумаги, чем не-победителей, в пост-медаль срок, и, кажется, немного более низкую производительность, в целом. Однако, есть еще один значительный эффект: они стремятся расширить свои взгляды и расширять свои научные интересы распространяются и на другие области математики, гораздо больше, чем не-победителей, которые, как правило, продолжают в том же районе (25% против 10% вероятность "когнитивная мобильность"). Это обязательно приходит с ценой, так как никто не может сразу приступить к работе в новой области.

(и, для меня, лучших математиков, работающих над преодолением областях математики и ищу объединяющей прорыв-это великая вещь.)

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